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... und was davon zu halten ist, können Sie hier lesenDie Bären von Slovenien - Politischer Erklärungsversuch zur Legitimation der Bären-Jagd

Clarification of the brown bear cull in Slovenia in 2002 for the Bern Convention Standing Committe Meeting

Written by: Marko Jonozovic, BSC Forestry
Head of the Department for Wildlife Slovenia Forest Service
Jože Sterle for the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food
Mladen Berginc for the Ministry of the Environment,
Spatial Planning and the Energy


10.02.03

Text in deutsch

3. The management of the bear population in Slovenia at present - The commission


In contrast to the traditional, but now outdated approach, the modern management of free-ranging species, based on ecological principles, cannot be limited only to animal species or just a small proportion of these species in isolation from everything else that enables them to survive in nature.

Modern management must include all the animal and plant species, which are by their nature linked together in living communities, closely connected and co-dependent on each other and on all the elements of the area they live in, which includes man and his activities.

In this integrated approach, all the modern management measures try to consider the natural laws which determine and govern relations and relationships among individual species in a particular community.

The management of the brown bear population in Slovenia is not left to the free market and chaos, it is a part of the integrated planning system. As bears are a species of special importance, both in Slovenia as well as in a wider European and even world sphere, bear management takes into consideration all the factors already mentioned and legal and professional documents.
The principles of encroachment into the bear population are a part of this management. It is probably hard for those elsewhere in Europe to imagine that with the present number of bears in Slovenia there is simply no other alternative but to carry out regular culls.

With this in mind Slovenia, in line with the provision in paragraph 1 of Article 22 and in relation to Article 6 of the Bern Convention, negotiated a reservation to Appendix II for the brown bear (as well as for the wolf).

Encroachments into the brown bear population are carried out on the basis of proposals submitted to a special commission within the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food responsible for game, by the expert services of the Forests Institute of Slovenia which is, pursuant to the Forests Act, responsible for integral planning, that is encroachments into the population of free-ranging animal species and their habitat.

The commission is a balanced one consisting of independent experts from

  • the Department of Forestry

  • the Department of Biology and

  • the Zootechnical Department at the Biotechnical Faculty

  • of the University of Ljubljana

  • the Natural History Museum

  • the Forests Institute of Slovenia

representatives of various interested parties

  • hunters

  • livestock breeders

  • local communities

and state officials

  • the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food and

  • the Ministry of the Environment, Spatial Planning and Energy

The commission is an advisory body to the minister responsible for game and hunting, that is the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Food. The minister passes decisions on encroachments into the bear population (as well as other large carnivores), and mainly relies on the commission for this, even though he has a discretionary right to decide independently.

Proposals for encroachments are drawn up by the Department for Forest Animals and Hunting at the Forests Institute of Slovenia at the end of each calendar year for the following year. Proposals for the necessary cull of brown bears are based on the Brown Bear Management Strategy.

Each proposal takes consideration of all the available professional postulates and is harmonised with the responsible bodies in game breeding areas, which are the wider, ecologically rounded units for game management in Slovenia.
Each proposal is thus agreed with those carrying out the encroachments on the basis of the following parameters:

  • brown bears culled so far (shot, captured or lost)

  • ascertainable damage to crops, livestock, buildings, vehicles and elsewhere

  • conflict situations involving bears as recorded by the brown bear intervention group
  • Data on the counts and the assessment of the number of brown bears that have, since 2000, been carried out two or three times each year by the Forests Institute of Slovenia and the Hunting Association of Slovenia
  • experience (both theoretical and practical) obtained in previous years by animal experts working within the scope of the activities of the Forests Institute of Slovenia.

When the Minister adopts a decision on an encroachment into the bear population, he divides the planned quota of the number of bears to be culled among the bear zones defined in the Strategy and among the game breeding grounds.

The latter further divide their quota among individual hunting grounds, taking into consideration the criterion that those hunting grounds and areas where conflicts between man and bear have occurred have the priority.

The joint quota of bears to be culled is divided according to weight categories (up to 100 kilograms, 100 - 150 kg, over 150 kg), with most of the planned cull being in the first weight category, involving young, immature animals, most often involved in conflict situations.

The cull is monitored, and any violations are controlled and dealt with by the hunting inspectors with the help of the courts.

The planned cull includes not only bears that are to be shot - proven losses in the bear population are also subtracted from the quota. This ensures that the population dynamics are controlled, as the planning of shooting alone could lead to an uncontrolled number of accidental losses, the occurrence of which seems to have grown in recent years.

::increased culls::

Auszug in deutsch


Quelle: tierlieb.net/CIFAM/ Written by: Marko Jonozovic, BSC Forestry

Petition an die rumänsiche Regierung - Bei Klick zum Text auf deutsch

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