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... und was davon zu halten ist, können Sie hier lesenDie Bären von Slovenien - Politischer Erklärungsversuch zur Legitimation der Bären-Jagd

Clarification of the brown bear cull in Slovenia in 2002 for the Bern Convention Standing Committe Meeting

Written by: Marko Jonozovic, BSC Forestry
Head of the Department for Wildlife Slovenia Forest Service
Jože Sterle for the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food
Mladen Berginc for the Ministry of the Environment,
Spatial Planning and the Energy

10.02.03

3. The management of the bear population in Slovenia at present


Bears culled so far:

An overview of bears culled so far in seven hunting years (i.e. from 1st April to 31st March) during the period between 1994 and 2000 and the cull in the 2001 and 2002 calendar years, according to gender and weight (as of 18th November 2002):


by gender

 

gender

male

female

un
known

total

94/95*

19

20

2

41

95/96*

23

8

1

32

96/97*

29

17

1

47

97/98*

29

20

0

49

98/99*

37

21

4

62

99/00*

33

23

0

56

00/01*

38

21

0

59

2001**

33

20

2

55

2002**

68

39

1

108

by weight

weight in kg

<100

101-150

>150

un
known

94/95*

23

11

6

1

95/96*

16

9

6

1

96/97*

28

16

3

0

97/98*

32

13

4

0

98/99*

29

20

9

4

99/00*

40

5

11

0

00/01*

37

19

3

0

2001**

33

16

5

1

2002**

83

18

6

1

* = hunting year / ** = Calendar year

The calendar year 2002 includes 9 bears which have also been included in the cull of 2000/01 (1.4.2000 - 31.3.2001), but which are not included twice in the total for the period between 1994 and 2002

the categories "unknown" with regard to gender and weight are the result of incomplete records maintained by hunting grounds managers or the inability to determine gender in some cases of bear loss

The following can be established from the analysis of the bear cull:
It is estimated that for a number of years, if not a whole decade, fewer bears have been culled than born; bears are more common in areas where they were once rare, and the population density in the core presence area has increased.

The cull predominantly involves bears weighing up to 100 kg (64% of all the proven cull), however, the share of the culled bears weighing between 101 and 150 kg and above 150 kg is relatively high (36% of the total), particularly as in the first weight category (up to 100 kg) more than 50% of the bears culled weighed over 70 kg.

With respect to the correlation between weight and age, it is estimated that the natural age composition of the population is altered and leaning towards younger and middle aged immature bears, which are also the ones involved in conflict situations within their environments.

According to the gender structure in the period of five years, it was males that predominated in the cull in comparison with females (61:37%), while 2% of bears were of unknown gender. The natural gender structure of the population is thus likely to be considerably altered, which is the result of the internal documents adopted by the Hunting Association of Slovenia, protecting females with young. A table and graph showing the reasons for the cull:

::reasons for the cull::


Quelle: tierlieb.net/CIFAM/ Written by: Marko Jonozovic, BSC Forestry

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